1981 - M.D., Kuopio University, Finland

1981 - Authorized Physician in Finland

1990 - Specialist in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Åbo University Central Hospital, Finland

1990 - Ph.D., Åbo University, Finland

1993 - Subspecialist in Perinatal/Fetal Medicine, Åbo University, Finland

1996 - Docent in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lund University, Sweden

1996 - Docent in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Åbo University, Finland

2000 - Professor in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oslo University, Norway




2010-present: Chief Consultant, The Norwegian Continence & Pelvic Floor Center Tromsø, Norway


2000-2009: Professor, Head and Director, Div of Maternal/Fetal Medicine, Dept of Ob&Gyn, Oslo University, Norway


1997-2000: Chief Physician, Div of Maternal/Fetal Medicine, Dept. of Ob&Gyn Bergen University, Norway


1994-1997: Senior Consultant, Dept. of Ob&Gyn LundUniversity, Malmö, Sweden


1993-1994: Visiting Professor, Div of Maternal/Fetal Medicine Dept. of Ob&Gyn Yale University, New Haven, USA


1990-1993: Maternal-Fetal Fellowship, Dept. of Ob&Gyn Åbo University, Finland


1988-1990: Resident in Ob&Gyn  Department of Ob&Gyn Åbo University, Finland


1987-1988: Intern in Surgery, Department of Surgery Lahti General Hospital, Finland


1984-1987: Resident in Ob&Gyn, Dept. of Ob&Gyn Lahti Central Hospital


1982-1984: Open Care Physician, Open Care Center, Kouvola Finland